Toru Ishida (Professor)
Department of Social Informatics
606-8501 Kyoto, Japan
FAX: +81 75-753-4820
I have been a professor of Kyoto University since 1993. I gained his B.Eng., and M.Eng. Degrees from Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan, in 1976, 1978, and subsequently became a research scientist at NTT Laboratories, where I was engaged in research and development of software engineering and knowledge processing until 1993. In 1989, I received my PhD in engineering degree from Kyoto University.
My academic paths include visiting scientist/professor positions at Department of Computer Science, Columbia University, Institut fuer Informatik, Technische Universitaet Muenchen, Le Laboratoire d'Informatique de Paris 6, Pierre et Marie Curie,Institute for Advanced Computer Studies, University of Maryland, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Computer Science and Technology Department, Tsinghua University, and Hong Kong Baptist University. Between 1998 and 2004, I was appointed as a research professor at NTT Communication Science Laboratories, and between 2006 and 2010, I was a project leader at the National Institute of Information and Communications Technology (NICT). Since 2011, I have been working on Kyoto University Design School, which will start from April 2013. I am a fellow of IEEE, IPSJ, and IEICE since 2002, 2005, and 2008. I am a 2011 President of IEICE Information and Systems Society (IEICE-ISS), a research supervisor of JST PRESTO Information Environments and Humans, and a board member of Web Science Research Initiative. I am a member of Science Council of Japan from 2011.
My research interest lies with autonomous agents and multiagent systems, and I have been working on this theme for more than twenty years. I am a founder and a coordinator of MACC/JAWS (Japanese), PRIMA (Asia/Pacific) and ICMAS/AAMAS (International), conferences on autonomous agents and multiagent systems. I served as a program co-chair of the second ICMAS, a chair of the first PRIMA, and a general co-chair of the first AAMAS. I was also an editor-in-chief of Journal on Web Semantics (Elsevier) and an associate editor of IEEE PAMI, and Journal on Autonomous Agents and Multi-Agent Systems (Springer). I was a board member of the International Foundation on Autonomous Agent and Multiagent Systems (IFAAMAS). I have also started workshop/conference on Digital Cities, Intercultural Collaboration, and Culture and Computing.
My previous research contribution can be classified into the four categories:
In production systems, I first proposed parallel rule firing with Sal Stolfo, when researchers mainly worked on parallel rule matching. I viewed production systems as a collection of individual concurrent activities, invented compile/run time algorithms to guarantee serializablility of rule firings, and actually developed parallel firing systems. I then extended parallel firing systems to distributed rule firing and introduced organizational self-design for adapting to environmental changes with Les Gasser. I was a member of the NTT Knowledge Base Management System Project, and developed an intelligent CAL using production systems, which becomes a key product of a NTT group company. The series of papers have been published at various conferences including IEEE CAIA, IEEE TAI, AAAI, IJCAI and appeared as four IEEE TKDE transaction papers. I was invited to give a talk at the first International Conference on Multiagent Systems (ICMAS95).
In multiagent search, since production systems are reactive, I tried to introduce deliberation in multiagent problem solving. I initiated an agent research group in NTT, and start creating computational algorithms for multiagent systems, when researchers mainly focused on conceptual works. I worked on path finding problems and constraint satisfaction problems, the two major search problems in AI. For path finding problems, I extended realtime search to be capable to utilize and improve previous experiments, to adapt to the dynamically changing goals with Richard Korf, and to cooperatively solve problems with other problem solvers. For constraint satisfaction, I worked with Makoto Yokoo and created a new problem called distributed constraint satisfaction, which has been widely accepted in this field. Papers have been published at conferences including IEEE ICDCS, AAAI, IJCAI, and appeared as two IEEE TKED/TPAMI transaction papers. I am a co-author of a multiagent search chapter for the first textbook of multiagent systems, which was published from the MIT press.
In community computing, I created a new application field for autonomous agents and multiagent systems. I realized a paradigm shift in computing metaphors: from team to community. Given that the team metaphor has created research fields like groupware and cooperative agents, the community metaphor will generate new research field. I proposed a concept of communityware to support the process of organizing diverse and amorphous groups of people, while groupware mainly addressed the collaborative work of already-organized people. In other words, compared to groupware studies, he focused on an earlier stage of collaboration: group formation from a wide variety of people. My team developed mobile assistants and tried out them at international conference ICMAS 1996 with 100 PDAs with wireless phones. This work was done with Yoshiyasu Nishibe. I also worked on a 3D interaction space called FreeWalk/Q with Hideyuki Nakanishi, and applied it to Digital City Kyoto. I published three LNCS proceedings and created a network among digital cities in Amsterdam, Helsinki, Seattle, Shanghai and Kyoto.
In intercultural collaboration, I initiated an Intercultural Collaboration Experiments (ICE) with Chinese, Korean, Malaysian colleagues in 2002, a year after 9.11. In 2006, I began the Language Grid project to create a language service infrastructure on the Internet. Basic software for the Language Grid has been studied and developed at the National Institute of Information and Communications Technology (NICT). For trial operation, however, Department of Social Informatics, Graduate School of Informatics, Kyoto University takes on the role as the Language Grid Operator. So far, 140 groups from 18 countries join the Language Grid to share more than 180 language services.
Last Update: January 2013
Previous Research Activities
1. Toru Ishida Ed. Field Informatics. Kyoto University Field Informatics Research Group. Springer, 2012.
2. Toru Ishida Ed. The Language Grid: Service-Oriented Collective Intelligence for Language Resource Interoperability. Springer, 2011.
3. Toru Ishida Ed. Culture and Computing: Computing and Communication for Crosscultural Interaction. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 6259, Springer-Verlag, 2010.
4. Toru Ishida, Susan R. Fussell and Piek TJM Vossen Eds. Intercultural Collaboration, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 4568, Springer-Verlag, 2007.
1. Hiromitsu Hattori, Yuu Nakajima and Toru Ishida. Learning from Humans: Agent Modeling with Individual Human Behaviors. IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Part A: Systems and Humans, Vol. 41, No. 1, pp. 1-9, 2011.
2. Tomoko Koda, Toru Ishida, Matthias Rehm and Elisabeth Andre. Avatar Culture: Cross-Cultural Evaluations of Avatar Facial Expressions. AI & Society, Vol.24, No.3, pp. 237-250, 2009.
3. Makoto Nakatsuji, Makoto Yoshida and Toru Ishida. Detecting Innovative Topics based on User-Interest Ontology. Journal of Web Semantics, Vol.7, No.2, pp. 107-120, 2009.
4. Yue Suo, Naoki Miyata, Hiroki Morikawa, Toru Ishida and Yuanchun Shi. Open Smart Classroom: Extensible and Scalable Learning System in Smart Space using Web Service Technology. IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering, Vol.21, No.6, pp. 814-828, 2009.
5. Toru Ishida and Hiromitsu Hattori. Participatory Technologies for Designing Ambient Intelligence Systems. Journal of Ambient Intelligence and Smart Environments, IOS Press, Vol. 1, pp. 39-45, 2009. pdf
1. Toru Ishida, Yohei Murakami, Donghui Lin, Masahiro Tanaka, and Rieko Inaba. Language Grid Revisited: An Infrastructure for Intercultural Collaboration. International Conference on Practical Applications of Agents and Multi-Agent Systems (PAAMS-12), Advances in Intelligent and Soft Computing, 2012, Vol. 155, pp. 1-16, 2012.
2. Yohei Murakami, Masahiro Tanaka, Donghui Lin, and Toru Ishida, Service Grid Federation Architecture for Heterogeneous Domain, IEEE International Conference on Services Computing (SCC-12), pp. 539-546, 2012.
3. Jun Matsuno and Toru Ishida. Constraint Optimization Approach to Context Based Word Selection. International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence (IJCAI-11), pp. 1846-1851, 2011.
4. Makoto Nakatsuji, Yasuhiro Fujiwara, Akimichi Tanaka, Toshio Uchiyama, Ko Fujimura and Toru Ishida. Classical Music for Rock Fans? Novel Recommendations for Expanding User Interests. ACM Conference on Information and Knowledge Management (CIKM-10), pp.949-958, 2010.
5. Makoto Nakatsuji, Yasuhiro Fujiwara, Akimichi Tanaka, Tadasu Uchiyama and Toru Ishida. Recommendations over Domain Specific User Graphs. European Conference on Artificial Intelligence (ECAI-10), pp. 607-612, 2010.
6. Toru Ishida. The Language Grid for Intercultural Collaboration. Web Science Conference (WebSci-10), 2010.
7. Masahiro Tanaka, Yohei Murakami, Donghui Lin and Toru Ishida. Service Supervision for Service-oriented Collective Intelligence. IEEE International Conference on Services Computing (SCC-10), pp.154-161, 2010.
8. Yohei Murakami, Lin Donghui, Masahiro Tanaka, Takao Nakaguchi and Toru Ishida. Language Service Management with the Language Grid. International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC-10), 2010.
9. Donghui Lin, Yoshiaki Murakami, Toru Ishida, Yohei Murakami and Masahiro Tanaka. Composing Human and Machine Translation Services: Language Grid for Improving Localization Process. International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC-10), 2010.
10. Arif Bramantoro, Ulrich Schaefer and Toru Ishida. Towards an Integrated Architecture for Composite Language Services and Components. International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC-10), 2010.
11. Toru Ishida, Rieko Inaba, Yohei Murakami, Tomohiro Shigenobu, Donghui Lin and Masahiro Tanaka. The Language Grid: Creating Customized Multilingual Environments. International Conference on Global Interoperability for Language Resources (ICGL-10), 2010.
12. Rie Tanaka, Yohei Murakami and Toru Ishida. Context-Based Approach for Pivot Translation Services. International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence (IJCAI-09), pp.1555-1561, 2009.
13. Masahiro Tanaka, Toru Ishida, Yohei Murakami, and Satoshi Morimoto. Service Supervision: Coordinating Web Services in Open Environment. IEEE International Conference on Web Services (ICWS-09), pp. 238-245, 2009. pdf
14. Naomi Yamashita, Reiko Inaba, Hideaki Kuzuoka and Toru Ishida. Difficulties in Establishing Common Ground in Multiparty Groups using Machine Translation. International Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI-09), pp. 679-688, 2009. pdf
15. Arif Bramantoro, Masahiro Tanaka, Yohei Murakami, Ulrich Schaefer and Toru Ishida. A Hybrid Integrated Architecture for Language Service Composition. IEEE International Conference on Web Services (ICWS-08), pp. 345-352, 2008. pdf
16. Heeryon Cho, Toru Ishida, Toshiyuki Takasaki and Satoshi Oyama. Assisting Pictogram Selection with Semantic Interpretation. European Semantic Web Conference (ESWC-08), LNCS 5021, pp. 65-79, 2008.
17. Toru Ishida, Yuu Nakajima, Yohei Murakami and Hideyuki Nakanishi. Augmented Experiment: Participatory Design with Multiagent Simulation. International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence (IJCAI-07), 2007. pdf
18. Yichuan Jiang and Toru Ishida. A Model for Collective Strategy Diffusion in Agent Social Law Evolution. International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence (IJCAI-07), pp. 1353-1358, 2007.
1. Toru Ishida. Intercultural Collaboration Using Machine Translation. IEEE Internet Computing, pp. 26-28, 2010.
2. Toru Ishida. Communicating Culture. IEEE Intelligent Systems, Special issue on the Future of AI, Vol. 21, No. 3, pp. 62-63, 2006.
For more information, CV is available.